Definition of football
Football is one of the most popular sports in the world. In matches, this sport is play by two opposing groups who each struggle to put the ball into the opponent’s goal. Each group consists of eleven players, and therefore the group is also call a team.
Official football rules are:
- Off side
• Free kick
• Penalty kick
• Inner Throw
• Goal kick
• Corner kick
In addition to the regulations above, the decisions of other International Football Association (IFAB) bodies have add to the rules of football. The complete rules can find on the FIFA website.
BASIC TECHNIQUES FOR FOOTBALL GAMES
To play ball well players are provide with good basic techniques. Players who have good basic techniques are likely to play football well. Some basic techniques that need to be possess by soccer players are kicking, stopping or controlling, stopping (dribbling), heading, tackling, trow-in and guarding. . Below will be explain some techniques of Kicking, Stopping, and Accompanying the ball in Soccer games.
The tactics commonly used by football clubs are as follows:
4-4-2, 4-3-2-1, 4-5-1, 3-4-3, 3-5-2, 4-3-3
The tactics use by a team always change depending on the conditions that occur during the game. In essence there are three tactics use, namely; Endure, Attack and Normal.
A match is govern by an referee who has “full authority to run a match according to the Rules of the Game in a match that has been decide upon him” (Rule 5), and the match decisions issue are consider final. The referee is assist by two assistant referees (use to call judges / line guards). In many matches the referee is also assist by a fourth official who can replace another official if necessary.
Every team has a maximum of eleven players, one of which must be the goalkeeper. Sometimes there are championship rules that require a minimum number of players in a team (usually eight). The goalkeeper is allowed to take the ball with his hand or arm inside the penalty box in front of the goal.
Other players in both teams are prohibite from holding the ball with their hands or arms when the ball is still in the game, but may use other body parts. Exceptions to this rule apply when the ball is kicked out past the line and throws are done to return the ball to the game. A number of players (the numbers differ depending on league and country) can be replace by reserve players during the game. Common reasons for substituting a player include injury, fatigue, effectiveness, change of tactics, or to waste a little time at the end of a match. In standard matches, players who have been replace may not return to play in the match.
The field used is usually a rectangular grass field. With a length of 91.4 meters and a width of 54.8 meters. On both sides of the short, there is a goal of 24 x 8 feet, or 7.32 x 2.44 meters.
Normal football duration is 2 × 45 minutes, plus a 15-minute break (sometimes 10 minutes). If the position is equal, then there will be an extension of time for 2 × 15 minutes, until a winner is obtain, but if it is equally strong then a penalty shootout is held.
Most matches usually end after both rounds, with a team winning the match or ending in a draw. Even so, several matches, especially those that require the winner to hold an additional round called an extension of time when the match ends in a draw: two rounds of 15 minutes each play. Until recently, IFAB had try to use some form of the “sudden death” system, but they were now not use. If the result is still a draw after extra time, several championships use penalty shootouts to determine the winner. There are also other championships that require the match to be repeat.
It should be note that the goals score during the extra time round are counted into the final result, different from the goals generate from the penalty points which are only use to determine the winner of the match.
Referee as an official time gauge
The referee who leads the match is 1 person and is assist by 2 people as linesmen. Then assist by a backup referee who helps in the event of a player change and announces additional time. At the 2006 World Cup, the fifth official was use. The use of 2 referees was tried in Copa Italia. The use of 4 of the judges was also try in the 2010 World Cup, where 2 of them were behind the goal.